Colorado Combat Club 5 went down in Pueblo on Saturday night and the fights were exciting from beginning to end. Crump immediately took the fight to his opponent, securing the takedown, transitioning to dominant position, and ending the fight with heavy ground and pound. Crump moved to as a pro with the win. Mederos won the title by 2nd round TKO finish in a featured bout of the evening. With the win, Mederos improved to overall and took home the championship hardware. Additionally, Austin Jones of Factory X will throw down in the main event against an opponent yet to be announced.
LOG IN. Recover your password. The MMA Plug. Despite our finding that two indices of decision-making predicted treatment drop-out, there was a significant amount of variance that was not accounted for by the variables examined in this study.
Importantly, we did not take into account the effects of other potentially relevant person-related factors, such as psychiatric comorbidity, personality e. Further, drop-out from treatment is not driven purely by person-related factors actually, person-related variables typically predict only a small proportion of the variance in drop-out , but also varies as a function of treatment-related variables and interactions between the individual and the treatment environment 30 , 31 , We did not examine potential mediators of both cognitive performance and treatment retention.
Among many other factors, motivation may have functioned as a mediator of both apparent cognitive performance as well as treatment retention: motivation has been shown to be an important factor in treatment retention among substance-dependent individuals 56 — 58 and lower motivation to change has been found to correlate with poorer performance on a task of decision-making As such, it is possible that the observed differences in cognitive task performance between treatment completers and drop-outs reflect a difference in motivation for treatment and in the motivation to perform well on the decision-making tasks.
Also, our data do not exclude the possibility that motivation for treatment or motivation to change functioned as a mediator of the relationship between disadvantageous decision-making and treatment drop-out. Indeed, the way in which neurocognitive dysfunctions impact upon treatment outcomes may not necessarily be direct Rather, neurocognitive impairments can impede treatment outcomes through their effects on treatment processes or more intrapersonal factors For example, poor neurocognitive functioning has shown significant associations with lower motivation to change or poorer self-efficacy in treatment samples of alcoholics 61 , These countervailing effects of neurocognitive dysfunctions on intrapersonal processes may cancel out when analyzing direct effects of impairment on treatment drop-out.
Future studies may help to better understand the nature of the current findings by examining a range of potential mediators, including motivation. Further, our findings indirectly suggest that previous studies may have failed to find associations between IGT performance and treatment retention because early and late IGT selections were combined into a single measure and changes in task performance were not taken into account. Whereas the precise underlying processes contributing to disadvantageous decision-making patterns remain to be explored, our findings have potential implications for the treatment of cocaine dependence.
The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Front Psychiatry v. Front Psychiatry. Published online Nov Prepublished online Oct 5.
Cleo L. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This article was submitted to Addictive Disorders and Behavioral Dyscontrol, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychiatry. Received Aug 5; Accepted Nov 2. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.
No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background : The treatment of cocaine-dependent individuals CDI is substantially challenged by high drop-out rates, raising questions regarding contributing factors.
Keywords: decision-making, drop-out, treatment retention, addiction treatment outcomes, cocaine dependence. Introduction The treatment of cocaine-dependent individuals CDI is substantially challenged by high drop-out rates. Assessment procedure After the clinical staff had screened potential participants for inclusion criteria, individuals were informed about the aims of the study and provided written informant consent.
Statistical analysis Data were first screened for normality and univariate outliers. Results Participants A total of patients were included in the present analyses. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Table 2 Decision-making variables. Prediction of treatment drop-out Variables that significantly differed between treatment completers and drop-outs were tested for their predictive capacity. Table 3 Multivariate prediction of treatment drop-out with a logistic regression model.
Table 4 Final prediction model. Clinical implications Our findings have important clinical implications. Study limitations Although we believe that the current study has important clinical implications, several limitations should also be noted. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
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Addict Behav 31 — Relationship between drug treatment services, retention, and outcomes. Psychiatr Serv 55 — Client-related predictors of early treatment drop-out in a substance abuse clinic exclusively employing individual therapy. J Subst Abuse Treat 26 — Psychol Addict Behav 11 — Treatment retention and 1 year outcomes for residential programmes in England. Drug Alcohol Depend 57 — Lang MA, Belenko S.
Predicting retention in a residential drug treatment alternative to prison program. J Subst Abuse Treat 19 — Case management as a therapeutic enhancement: impact on post- treatment criminality. J Addict Dis 21 — Retention, early dropout and treatment completion among therapeutic community admissions. Drug Alcohol Rev 31 — Therapeutic communities for addictions: a review of their effectiveness from a recovery-oriented perspective. ScientificWorldJournal Cognitive deficits predict low treatment retention in cocaine dependent patients.
Drug Alcohol Depend 81 — Pre-treatment brain activation during stroop task is associated with outcomes in cocaine dependent patients. Biol Psychiatry 64 — Neuropsychological impairments in crack cocaine-dependent inpatients: preliminary findings. Rev Bras Psiquiatr 26 — Perfusion abnormalities and decision making in cocaine dependence.
Biol Psychiatry 56 — Measures of cognitive functioning as predictors of treatment outcome for cocaine dependence. J Subst Abuse Treat 37 — Cognitive function and treatment response in a randomized clinical trial of computer-based training in cognitive-behavioral therapy. Subst Use Misuse 46 — Self-regulation and treatment retention in cocaine dependent individuals: a longitudinal study. Drug Alcohol Depend — Bechara A.
Decision making, impulse control and loss of willpower to resist drugs: a neurocognitive perspective. Nat Neurosci 8 — A somatic marker theory of addiction. Neuropharmacology 56 — Emotion, decision-making and the orbitofrontal cortex.
Cereb Cortex 10 — The role of emotion in decision-making: evidence from neurological patients with orbitofrontal damage. Brain Cogn 55 — Insensitivity to future consequences following damage to human prefrontal cortex. Cognition 50 :7— Drug abusers show impaired performance in a laboratory test of decision making.
Neuropsychologia 38 — Decision-making deficits linked to real life social dysfunction in crack cocaine-dependent individuals. Am J Addict 20 — Dissociable deficits in the decision-making cognition of chronic amphetamine abusers, opiate abusers, patients with focal damage to prefrontal cortex, and tryptophan-depleted normal volunteers: evidence for monoaminergic mechanisms. Neuropsychopharmacology 20 — Decision-making deficits, linked to a dysfunctional ventromedial prefrontal cortex, revealed in alcohol and stimulant abusers.
Neuropsychologia 39 — The differential relationship between cocaine use and marijuana use on decision-making performance and repeat testing with the Iowa gambling task. Drug Alcohol Depend 90 :2— Neuropsychological predictors of clinical outcome in opiate addiction. Drug Alcohol Depend 94 — Risky decision-making predicts short-term outcome of community but not residential treatment for opiate addiction.
Implications for case management. Baseline neurocognitive profiles differentiate abstainers and non-abstainers in a cocaine clinical trial. J Addict Dis 28 — Am J Psychiatry — Differential effects of MDMA, cocaine, and cannabis use severity on distinctive components of the executive functions in polysubstance users, a multiple regression analysis.
Addict Behav 30 — Howell DC. Statistical Methods for Psychology. Belmont, CA: Duxbury Press; Decisions under ambiguity and decisions under risk: correlations with executive functions and comparisons of two different gambling tasks with implicit and explicit rules. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 29 — Propensity for risk taking and trait impulsivity in the Iowa gambling task. Pers Individ Dif 50 — Bechara A, Damasio H.
Decision-making and addiction part I : impaired activation of somatic states in substance dependent individuals when pondering decisions with negative future consequences. Neuropsychologia 40 — Damasio AR. New York: Avon; The somatic marker hypothesis: a critical evaluation. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 30 — Risk-taking on tests sensitive to ventromedial prefrontal cortex dysfunction predicts early relapse in alcohol dependency: a pilot study.
J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 17 — Affective decision-making is predictive of three-month relapse in polysubstance-dependent alcoholics. Eur Addict Res 19 — Decision making under ambiguity but not under risk is related to problem gambling severity. Psychiatry Res — Listening to your heart: how interoception shapes emotion experience and intuitive decision making. Psychol Sci 21 — Combined goal management training and mindfulness meditation improve executive functions and decision-making performance in abstinent polysubstance abusers.
Negative mood induction normalizes decision making in male cocaine dependent individuals. Psychopharmacology Berl — Anticipatory stress restores decision-making deficits in heavy drinkers by increasing sensitivity to losses. Imaging dopamine transmission in cocaine dependence: link between neurochemistry and response to treatment. Diminishing risk-taking behavior by modulating activity in the prefrontal cortex: a direct current stimulation study.
J Neurosci 27 — Disruption of right prefrontal cortex by low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation induces risk taking behavior. J Neurosci 26 — Client retention in residential drug treatment for Latinos.
Aside from fighting three times in roughly four hours, Perez worked his way to the top as the No. Colorado Combat Club 5 went down in Pueblo on Saturday night and the fights were exciting from beginning to end. Crump immediately took the fight to his opponent, securing the takedown, transitioning to dominant position, and ending the fight with heavy ground and pound.
Crump moved to as a pro with the win. Mederos won the title by 2nd round TKO finish in a featured bout of the evening. With the win, Mederos improved to overall and took home the championship hardware. Additionally, Austin Jones of Factory X will throw down in the main event against an opponent yet to be announced.
LOG IN. Recover your password. If you have a berkeley. We use these three lists for BIC activities:. The scanner3t list is our main vehicle for administration. Everyone who uses the Siemens 3 T scanner should be on this list. Digest is available if you don't need real time scanner information. We post announcements of training courses to the scanner3t list, and we communicate any scanner or peripheral equipment problems here, too.
You would post to this list for anything scanner-specific, such as a reservation cancellation. The fMRI list is aimed at scientific discussion, e. If you aren't a Berkeley student or employee and therefore don't have a berkeley.
Note also that you can use any email address to register for any of the lists - you don't have to register using your Berkeley address once you're logged in - but you must post to the lists using the appropriate, registered account. Those who plan to spend any significant time around the scanner i. Classes are announced on the 3 T list and occur approximately monthly, depending on demand and staff schedules. The current safety syllabus is downloadable here.
Location: Training groups meet at the BIC elevator entrance. Instructions on how to find the BIC elevator are located on the Contact page. Objectives: When you are running an MRI scan as the scanner operator, you will be responsible for the safe operation of the entire scan session. Effectively, you will be the on-duty safety officer from the moment you enter the MRI suite.
That means you will be responsible for your own safety, the safety of your subject, and the safety anyone else you permit to enter the MRI suite the areas we denote as Zones III and IV. It is therefore imperative that you not only understand the safety information you are taught, but can impart that same information to other people, most of whom will probably never have been around an MRI before.
This safety training does not cover subject safety during a scan, e. The additional risks to being scanned are covered in user training. To attend formal scanner training classes you must first have passed the 3T safety quiz see above , and have a current CPHS approval to scan. You should also have sufficient funding to cover the scanning you intend to do.
There is no charge for the formal training classes. Please note, it is not required that you attend these classes in order to become a certified scanner user. An alternative, and usually a better way to go, is to learn to scan by apprenticing under an experienced operator in your PI's lab. Use whichever training method suits you.
Perhaps you already have suitable scanning experience and don't need any more training. The only requirement is that you pass the user quiz to be able to scan independently. See the description of the user quiz below to determine whether you might require the formal training or not. Note that this guide is mandatory reading for the user quiz anyway.
Introductory and Intermediate level user training classes happen every months or so, depending on demand. Some supporting training videos are available here. These videos may be used to augment training as an apprentice under an existing user, or to reinforce what you learn in classes. Objectives: The Introductory level class consists of an hour long demonstration followed by an optional but strongly advised hands-on session where trainees practice scanning on a phantom.
This training covers basic scanner operation. Intermediate level classes are an interactive 1 - 2 hour session dealing with general bedside manner as we scan an actual person as well as more advanced fMRI acquisition topics; attendees are expected to know basic scanner operation already. Advanced classes for users with intermediate-level fMRI experience will be customized to specific topics based on interest. All class dates and times will be announced to the scanner3t mailing list.
Peripheral equipment training is offered, roughly, once a year during the Fall semester. This training is intended to be supplemental to the documentation available on the website and is a broad overview of all the equipment that is available for use at the BIC. This includes but is not limited to: eye tracking, physio recording and stimulus presentation. Peripherals training is treated separate from scanner training. It can also be done on an individual lab basis. Please contact Miguel to set up a time to learn about specific peripheral equipment if you are unable to attend the training session.
Training may be tailored to the equipment that you require or kept general, depending on several factors. Please refer to the Peripheral Equipment section of the website for more details. Prior to taking the user quiz it is expected that you have attended the Introductory and Intermediate level scanner training sessions, or have received equivalent education by apprenticing under an experienced operator in your group, or have suitable experience from another facility.
Note: Advanced training is beyond the level of the user quiz. The litmus test for knowing when you are ready to become a qualified operator is straightforward: you should be able to run an entire scan session, from subject screening through image acquisition to data transfer, without needing significant assistance from anyone.
The user quiz covers the following broad areas: scanner operation, peripherals equipment operation, subject screening and safety, and some background physics of fMRI. To pass the user quiz you should have a good idea of why you do what you do, not just be able to make pretty pictures in rote fashion!
The specific CPHS protocol and screening form you'll use for your subjects. Contact your PI for these. An explanation of how to screen subjects for 3 T MRI. The BIC scanner suite checklist , for tidying up after a session. Quizzes are offered on a "drop-in" basis except after a safety training class, when the safety quiz is offered.
There are too many scheduling conflicts to offer fixed times, so instead we request that you simply show up at BIC and ask to take a quiz. The best times to catch someone are the hours of 7 am through pm, Mon-Thurs, and 7 am - noon on Fridays. There may be BIC staff around at other times, but the probability of catching someone is lower.
Mornings are by far the best bet.
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